Araştırma Makalesi
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Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, 16 - 26, 15.12.2020

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Alkoç, A., Yılmaz, F. (2018). Analysis of the risk arising from fire ınstallations in manufacturing facilities by ranking method, Karaelmas Journal of Occupational Health and Safety, 2 (1), 1‐11. DOI: 10.33720/kisgd.415363
  • Altaylı, A. (1967). Samsun Tarihi. Samsun: Yüceer Matbaası.
  • Bahaeldeen, M. (2015). Investigation on fire safety in high-rise office building “evaluation of office building examples of some cities in Turkey”, Master’s Thesis, Çukurova University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Adana.
  • Başdemir, H, Demirel, F. (2010). A Literature Review of Passive Fire Safety Precautions in Buildings, Journal of Polytechnic, 13 (2), 101-109. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/politeknik/issue/33053/367867
  • Başdemir, H, Demirel, F. İşeri, İ. (2013). Developing a model for analyse fire safety in buildings according to national fire precaution regulation, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 27 (4), 695-706. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gazimmfd/issue/6701/88686
  • Bekem İ., Çavuş M., Demirel F., (2011), A research on fire statistics across Turkey, Proceedings of Fire and Security Symposium and Exhibition, Istanbul, Turkey, ss. 195-201.
  • Bekem Kara, İ. (2018). Examination of building fires occurred in Artvin city center between 2013-2017, Journal of Natural Hazards and Environment, 4 (2), 105-114.
  • Beyhan, F. ((2015). “Mimari Bir Bağlam Olarak Binalarda Çeliğin Yangından Korunumu”. TUCSA Web Yayınlar, http://www.tucsa.org/tr/yayinlar.aspx?yayin=3.
  • Bodur, A. (2019). From nursing home to the living center: elderly care in Samsun and a foresight for the future architecture, The Eurasia Proceedings of Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (EPSTEM), 5, 50-57.
  • Brinson, A., (2017). Sprinklers for fire safety, TÜYAK Uluslarası Yangın ve Güvenlik Sempozyumu ve Sergisi, Istanbul, Turkey: November 9-10.
  • Brushlinsky, N. N., Ahrens, S. V., Sokolov, S. V., Wagner, P. (2019). World fire statistics, Center of Fire Statistics of CTIF 2019, Russia: the State Fire Academy of Emercom of Russia.
  • Demirel, F. and Konur, Z. (2006). Passive fire safety precautions in hotels according to the national and international regulations and a case study, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 21 (2), 293-301. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gazimmfd/issue/6668/89364
  • Demirel, F., Tavman, G., Yaman, M. (2017). An investigation at the new a faculty of architecture building of Gazi University in complaince with “Turkey’s regulation on fire protection”, TÜYAK Uluslarası Yangın ve Güvenlik Sempozyumu ve Sergisi, Istanbul, Turkey: November 9-10.
  • Erdoğan, F. (2018). Doğru ürün, doğru uygulama ve denetim şart, TÜYAK Yangın Mühendisliği Dergisi, 4, 58-65.
  • Eren, İ. (2002). Yapıların yangın güvenliği, İstanbul Bülten, 13 (63), İstanbul.
  • Erler, M. Y. (2000). 1870 yılında Doğu Karadeniz’de çıkan yangın ve etkileri, Tarih Araştırmaları Dergisi, 20 (31), 209-218.
  • Günaydın, S. (2013). Binalarda elektrik tesisatı, yangın güvenliği ve standartlar, yangın var, Elektrik Mühendisliği Dergisi, 447, 12-14.
  • Kaboğlu, T. (2017). Yangın kaçış yollarında sık rastlanılan hatalar, TÜYAK Yangın Güvenliği ve Teknolojileri Dergisi, 1 (2017), 58-61.
  • Kayacı, H. (2014). Investigations on fire safety and fire scenario for reinforced concrete high rise buildings, Master’s Thesis, Istanbul Technical University, Institute of Science and Technology, Istanbul.
  • Kılıç, M. (2003). Fire safety and fire extinguisher systems in buildings, Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering, 8 (1), 59-70.
  • Kılıç, M. (2018). Gelişmiş ülkelerde ve Türkiye’de yangın istatistikleri, Yangın ve Güvenlik Dergisi, 199, 8-10.
  • Korkmaz, E. (2016). Defining fire safety design in architectural education, Megaron, 11 (2), 217-229.
  • Laban M.D., Popov, S.B., Vukoslavcevic, S.R., Supic, S.M. (2015). Evacuation routes performances and fire safety of buildings. Tehnika, 70 (4), 599-606.
  • Malhotra, H. L., (1993). Proposed code for fire safety in buildings for the State of Sao Paulo. Sao Paulo: British Consulate. Retrieved from: http://www.lmc.ep.usp.br/grupos/gsi/wp-content/artigos1/Malhotra.pdf.
  • Muro, E. (2019). Fire safety for kids, Fire Prevention and Fire Engineers Journals, 2019, 1-3.
  • Östman, B. (2013). Fire safety in timber buildings, Seminário Casas de Madeira, Guimaraes, Portugal: February 9-10.
  • Östman, B., Brandon, D., Frantzich, H. (2017). Fire safety engineering in timber buildings, Fire Safety Journal, 91 (2017) 11-20.
  • Özgünler, M. (2018). Protection against fire in historical buildings and evaluation of the fire legislation, The Journal of Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, 9 (1), 14-21.
  • Samsun İtfaiyesi, (2018). Samsun Büyükşehir Belediyesi İtfaiye Dairesi Başkanlığı Faaliyet Raporu 2018. Samsun.
  • Selamet, S. (2017). Türkiye’de yangın mühendisliği, Teknik Müşavir, 42, 4-5.
  • Serteser, N. and Karakoyun, Ç. E. (2017). Evaluation of national fire protection regulatıin in terms of fire terminology, TÜYAK Yangın Güvenliği ve Teknolojileri Dergisi, 1 (2017), 244-250.
  • Silva, S. C. and Rodrigues, J. P. (2012). Emergency measures in the regulation of fire safety in buildings, 8th International Symposium on Occupational Safety and Hygiene (SHO), Guimaraes, Portugal: February 9-10.
  • Şimşek, Z. (2018). Evaluation of the effects of fire protection courses in ınvestigation in architectural project courses of fire safety. The Journal of International Social Research, 11 (58), 39-406.
  • Şimşek, Z., Akıncıtürk, N. (2016). Weaknesses and Suggestions of the Provisions of Fire Protection Regulations of Health Constructions. Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering, 21(2), 283-298.
  • Url-1<https://openlearning.aauekpoma.edu.ng/Uploads/Journals/fire-safety-in-buildings.pdf>, date retrieved 09.08.2019.
  • Url-2<http://nfpa.org>, date retrieved 09.08.2019.
  • Url-3<https://www.ctif.org/index.php/news/world-fire-statistics-issue-no-24-2019>, date retrieved 09.08.2019.
  • Url-4< https://eurocodes.jrc.ec.europa.eu/showpage.php?id=13 >, date retrieved 09.08.2019.
  • Url-5<https://samsun.ktb.gov.tr/TR-59809/tarih.html>, date retrieved 09.08.2019.
  • Url-6< http://www.samsun.gov.tr/gecmisten-gunumuze-samsun>, date retrieved 09.08.2019.
  • Walls, K. L. (2001). Fire safety in high-rise office building, Jurnal Teknologi, 34 (B), 13–20.

A Research in Buildings in the Meaning of Fire Safety: The Case of Samsun

Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, 16 - 26, 15.12.2020

Öz

Fire is one of the most important discoveries that have emerged for various reasons throughout human history. However, it has also been an essential source of risks and hazards for life and property. The most important thing that should be done to prevent the heat from becoming a conflagration is to check the fire from occurring. Therefore, fire safety is gaining importance. In doing so, attention should be given mainly to fire safety measures in buildings. Within this context, this study aims at evaluating fire safety precautions of 14 selected buildings in Samsun province, Turkey. The course discussed and sought to propose a holistic fire safety approach with the consideration of regulations and legislation in Turkey. In doing so, the buildings were evaluated within the framework of 28 criteria, and some findings were revealed. As a result of the study, it has been determined that the precautions taken concerning fire safety measures are sufficient in many aspects of some buildings. Still, in some buildings, there are serious inadequacies. It has been demonstrated that fire safety measures should be considered holistically, and appropriate solutions should be made in all buildings, and new methods should be developed for this.

Kaynakça

  • Alkoç, A., Yılmaz, F. (2018). Analysis of the risk arising from fire ınstallations in manufacturing facilities by ranking method, Karaelmas Journal of Occupational Health and Safety, 2 (1), 1‐11. DOI: 10.33720/kisgd.415363
  • Altaylı, A. (1967). Samsun Tarihi. Samsun: Yüceer Matbaası.
  • Bahaeldeen, M. (2015). Investigation on fire safety in high-rise office building “evaluation of office building examples of some cities in Turkey”, Master’s Thesis, Çukurova University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Adana.
  • Başdemir, H, Demirel, F. (2010). A Literature Review of Passive Fire Safety Precautions in Buildings, Journal of Polytechnic, 13 (2), 101-109. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/politeknik/issue/33053/367867
  • Başdemir, H, Demirel, F. İşeri, İ. (2013). Developing a model for analyse fire safety in buildings according to national fire precaution regulation, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 27 (4), 695-706. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gazimmfd/issue/6701/88686
  • Bekem İ., Çavuş M., Demirel F., (2011), A research on fire statistics across Turkey, Proceedings of Fire and Security Symposium and Exhibition, Istanbul, Turkey, ss. 195-201.
  • Bekem Kara, İ. (2018). Examination of building fires occurred in Artvin city center between 2013-2017, Journal of Natural Hazards and Environment, 4 (2), 105-114.
  • Beyhan, F. ((2015). “Mimari Bir Bağlam Olarak Binalarda Çeliğin Yangından Korunumu”. TUCSA Web Yayınlar, http://www.tucsa.org/tr/yayinlar.aspx?yayin=3.
  • Bodur, A. (2019). From nursing home to the living center: elderly care in Samsun and a foresight for the future architecture, The Eurasia Proceedings of Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (EPSTEM), 5, 50-57.
  • Brinson, A., (2017). Sprinklers for fire safety, TÜYAK Uluslarası Yangın ve Güvenlik Sempozyumu ve Sergisi, Istanbul, Turkey: November 9-10.
  • Brushlinsky, N. N., Ahrens, S. V., Sokolov, S. V., Wagner, P. (2019). World fire statistics, Center of Fire Statistics of CTIF 2019, Russia: the State Fire Academy of Emercom of Russia.
  • Demirel, F. and Konur, Z. (2006). Passive fire safety precautions in hotels according to the national and international regulations and a case study, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 21 (2), 293-301. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gazimmfd/issue/6668/89364
  • Demirel, F., Tavman, G., Yaman, M. (2017). An investigation at the new a faculty of architecture building of Gazi University in complaince with “Turkey’s regulation on fire protection”, TÜYAK Uluslarası Yangın ve Güvenlik Sempozyumu ve Sergisi, Istanbul, Turkey: November 9-10.
  • Erdoğan, F. (2018). Doğru ürün, doğru uygulama ve denetim şart, TÜYAK Yangın Mühendisliği Dergisi, 4, 58-65.
  • Eren, İ. (2002). Yapıların yangın güvenliği, İstanbul Bülten, 13 (63), İstanbul.
  • Erler, M. Y. (2000). 1870 yılında Doğu Karadeniz’de çıkan yangın ve etkileri, Tarih Araştırmaları Dergisi, 20 (31), 209-218.
  • Günaydın, S. (2013). Binalarda elektrik tesisatı, yangın güvenliği ve standartlar, yangın var, Elektrik Mühendisliği Dergisi, 447, 12-14.
  • Kaboğlu, T. (2017). Yangın kaçış yollarında sık rastlanılan hatalar, TÜYAK Yangın Güvenliği ve Teknolojileri Dergisi, 1 (2017), 58-61.
  • Kayacı, H. (2014). Investigations on fire safety and fire scenario for reinforced concrete high rise buildings, Master’s Thesis, Istanbul Technical University, Institute of Science and Technology, Istanbul.
  • Kılıç, M. (2003). Fire safety and fire extinguisher systems in buildings, Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering, 8 (1), 59-70.
  • Kılıç, M. (2018). Gelişmiş ülkelerde ve Türkiye’de yangın istatistikleri, Yangın ve Güvenlik Dergisi, 199, 8-10.
  • Korkmaz, E. (2016). Defining fire safety design in architectural education, Megaron, 11 (2), 217-229.
  • Laban M.D., Popov, S.B., Vukoslavcevic, S.R., Supic, S.M. (2015). Evacuation routes performances and fire safety of buildings. Tehnika, 70 (4), 599-606.
  • Malhotra, H. L., (1993). Proposed code for fire safety in buildings for the State of Sao Paulo. Sao Paulo: British Consulate. Retrieved from: http://www.lmc.ep.usp.br/grupos/gsi/wp-content/artigos1/Malhotra.pdf.
  • Muro, E. (2019). Fire safety for kids, Fire Prevention and Fire Engineers Journals, 2019, 1-3.
  • Östman, B. (2013). Fire safety in timber buildings, Seminário Casas de Madeira, Guimaraes, Portugal: February 9-10.
  • Östman, B., Brandon, D., Frantzich, H. (2017). Fire safety engineering in timber buildings, Fire Safety Journal, 91 (2017) 11-20.
  • Özgünler, M. (2018). Protection against fire in historical buildings and evaluation of the fire legislation, The Journal of Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, 9 (1), 14-21.
  • Samsun İtfaiyesi, (2018). Samsun Büyükşehir Belediyesi İtfaiye Dairesi Başkanlığı Faaliyet Raporu 2018. Samsun.
  • Selamet, S. (2017). Türkiye’de yangın mühendisliği, Teknik Müşavir, 42, 4-5.
  • Serteser, N. and Karakoyun, Ç. E. (2017). Evaluation of national fire protection regulatıin in terms of fire terminology, TÜYAK Yangın Güvenliği ve Teknolojileri Dergisi, 1 (2017), 244-250.
  • Silva, S. C. and Rodrigues, J. P. (2012). Emergency measures in the regulation of fire safety in buildings, 8th International Symposium on Occupational Safety and Hygiene (SHO), Guimaraes, Portugal: February 9-10.
  • Şimşek, Z. (2018). Evaluation of the effects of fire protection courses in ınvestigation in architectural project courses of fire safety. The Journal of International Social Research, 11 (58), 39-406.
  • Şimşek, Z., Akıncıtürk, N. (2016). Weaknesses and Suggestions of the Provisions of Fire Protection Regulations of Health Constructions. Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering, 21(2), 283-298.
  • Url-1<https://openlearning.aauekpoma.edu.ng/Uploads/Journals/fire-safety-in-buildings.pdf>, date retrieved 09.08.2019.
  • Url-2<http://nfpa.org>, date retrieved 09.08.2019.
  • Url-3<https://www.ctif.org/index.php/news/world-fire-statistics-issue-no-24-2019>, date retrieved 09.08.2019.
  • Url-4< https://eurocodes.jrc.ec.europa.eu/showpage.php?id=13 >, date retrieved 09.08.2019.
  • Url-5<https://samsun.ktb.gov.tr/TR-59809/tarih.html>, date retrieved 09.08.2019.
  • Url-6< http://www.samsun.gov.tr/gecmisten-gunumuze-samsun>, date retrieved 09.08.2019.
  • Walls, K. L. (2001). Fire safety in high-rise office building, Jurnal Teknologi, 34 (B), 13–20.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Alper BODUR (Sorumlu Yazar)
ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MİMARLIK FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-4048-1158
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Aralık 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Chicago Bodur, A. "A Research in Buildings in the Meaning of Fire Safety: The Case of Samsun". Disaster Science and Engineering 6 (2020 ): 16-26